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Immigration to Germany

Description of visa programs in Germany. Questions and answers. Registration of documents. Options for moving to Germany.
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One of the most desirable countries to move
Quality of life/price
Good price/life balance
Comfortable climate
Comfortable enough

Visa programs in Germany

Immigration to Germany

A handy compilation of practical information

Polina
Imigrata Immigration Specialist
Visas to Germany:
Currently, only German citizens and their family members, EU citizens, persons with a residence permit or a national D visa are allowed to enter Germany.

Visas are issued:
  • medical and scientific-medical personnel, as well as people coming to Germany to take care of elderly and incapacitated people;
  • employees in the field of goods transportation and transport infrastructure;
  • seasonal workers involved in German agriculture;
  • for seafarers in transit to the ship's port of departure or to the airport for moving to a third country;
  • for individuals to visit close relatives living in Germany (spouses, minor children, parents;
  • relatives of seriously ill people living in Germany;
  • relatives forced to visit Germany due to an emergency family reason: birth, wedding, death, funeral;
  • civil partners of persons residing in Germany, citizens of Germany, the EU, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland.

Transit conditions:
Transit is allowed if your stay in Germany is limited by transit to the period necessary for travel to the destination subway.

Tickets:
Germany has banned the flights of Russian aircraft over its territory. Flights from Russia have been canceled. You can get into the country through Turkey, the UAE or other European countries.

Epidemiological situation:
  • before visiting Germany, you need to take a PCR test 48 hours before departure and it should show a negative result;
  • one day before departure, fill out an online questionnaire;
  • download the Corona Warning app;
  • upon arrival in Germany, observe quarantine for a period of 10 to 14 days, depending on the city.

The best cities to live in Germany

The top 5 best cities to live in Germany include::
Munich is the absolute leader of all surveys with a developed infrastructure and a high standard of living;
Erlangen is a rich and beautiful Bavarian city where a third of the population has a higher education;
Stuttgart is an ideal place for investors and startups, and it is also the most creative city in Germany, where, among other things, Mercedes and Porsche cars are produced, as well as Bosch electronics are made;
Berlin is the capital of Germany and the most creative city in Europe, where software and the IT sector are developing by leaps and bounds;
Frankfurt am Main is a banking center and the third city in Germany in terms of production with a GDP of 80 thousand euros per person.

Pros and cons of moving to Germany

Advantages of living in Germany:
  • Germany is one of the founding countries of the European Union, so citizens and permanent residents enjoy all the economic, social and other benefits of this association, including free movement across Europe;
  • Medicine in Germany is one of the best in the world;
  • Everyone officially residing in Germany is granted the right to free school education, and it is also possible to get a free education at a higher education institution, after which a graduate can automatically apply for a job in the country.;
  • There are a lot of social benefits in Germany - from payments for children until they come of age to support in difficult periods of life, it is almost impossible to be on the street without means of livelihood here;
  • A well-thought-out system of integration into local society for emigrants with courses in German language and culture, as well as a strong Russian-speaking community;
  • Germany is among the TOP most successful world powers and supports innovation.
Disadvantages of living in Germany:
  • Fanatical compliance with the laws - they are executed by everyone, always and under any circumstances (it's hard to call it a minus, but the citizens of the Russian Federation are used to something else, so they may be surprised by the total equality of all German citizens before the law, regardless of social status, position or income level);
  • Germans are conservative and punctual, they always have everything according to plan and schedule, spontaneity, impetuosity and hyperemotionality are unlikely to be understood;
  • In Germany, there are quite a lot of traffic jams on the roads, as the condition of the roads is monitored and constantly repaired, thereby creating congestion;
  • There is a shortage of high-level professionals in the country. If you are looking for a job, this is a plus, but if you open your own business in Germany, be prepared for problems with recruiting qualified personnel;
  • German is not the easiest language to learn, but you will really need it in Germany if you plan to move here seriously and for a long time.

Living in Germany

Renting a house in Germany is not the easiest thing, so it can be difficult to look for an apartment on your own due to ignorance of the German language, local laws and peculiarities of mentality.
For example, you will definitely need documentary proof of your solvency, since the Germans like to rent housing for a long time and trustworthy people.

To prove that you are a decent person, you can use a paper with a complex name SCHUFA-Bonitatsauskunft, which will confirm that you have no delays on regular payments in Germany.

Landlords are also likely to want to know:
  • How many people will live together with the main tenant;
  • Where and by whom the tenant works and how much he earns (a certificate from work indicating salary and bonuses for the last six months or a year will be an advantage).

The competition for rental housing in Germany is quite high, so be prepared for the fact that you will probably have to look for the best option.

In Germany, there is a rather unusual way of marking housing, without understanding which in the ad it is difficult to understand what kind of apartment, in fact, is for rent. The number of rooms and the letter Z or Zi are indicated, to which an abbreviated abbreviation about additional features of housing is added.:
K - kitchen
B - bathroom
D - corridor
T - terrace
DT - roof terrace
B or BLK - balcony (the same letter as the bathroom, but the abbreviation of housing first indicates a way to wash, and then, if available, a balcony)
D - shower (the same story - first a way to wash, then the presence of a corridor)
AK or AR - storage
room GWS - additional toilet
SZ - bedroom
WG - veranda or winter garden.

That is, a one-bedroom apartment with a kitchen, a corridor and a bathroom will hide in the ad behind the abbreviation 1ZKBD, a two-bedroom apartment with a bathroom and a balcony will look like 2ZBB, and a three-bedroom apartment with a shower, a corridor, a winter garden and a roof terrace - 3ZDDDTWG.

The cost of renting an apartment:
it depends on the city and consists of two parts: monthly payment and prepayment for utilities. It is normal practice to pledge for rented housing in the amount of 2-3 monthly payments, but it is better to put them in a special savings account, rather than give them in cash.

The cost of utilities:
it ranges from 50 to 250 euros per month, but, on average, in the country it is 50-70 euros (this includes heating, fire insurance, garbage collection and other expenses for general maintenance of the house). Electricity in the apartment, telephone and Internet are paid separately!

Housing prices vary greatly depending on the region and start from about 400 euros per month. It is most expensive to rent an apartment in Munich.

Where to look for housing:

Medicine in Germany

The German healthcare system is deservedly considered one of the best in the world.

To receive full-fledged high-quality care for free, it is enough to have a mandatory medical insurance policy for living in Germany, which entitles you to outpatient and inpatient care.

Its cost, as a rule, ranges from 200 to 300 euros per month and is formed from a contribution of about 16% of earnings (the employer pays half of the amount for the employee). Private entrepreneurs pay for health insurance on their own, but its cost cannot exceed 640 euros per month. Artists, journalists, musicians, directors and representatives of other creative professions have special privileges for insurance — their share of insurance is paid by the state.

German medicine consists of:
  • private family medical offices (Praxis);
  • systems of public (54%), private (8%) and charitable (38%) hospitals;
  • Emergency Rescue Service (Rettungsdienst);
  • University Clinics (the famous Charite Clinic in Berlin consists of more than 100 clinics and institutes united in 17 Charite centers, and is a research base for the Humboldt University of Berlin, the Free University of Berlin and the Berlin Technical University. More than 50% of German Nobel fellows in medicine and psychology work here).

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